The Elements of Music

Topics: Music, Sound, Musical notation Pages: 1 (358 words) Published: July 12, 2013
Module 1 NOTES

12-bar blues is a chord progression that is common in many popular forms of music. A metronome, or a device that produces regular ticks or beats according to the beats per minute, is one way that musicians and composers can help maintain a consistent pace in the music. A concerto is a musical piece in which one solo instrument (such as a piano or violin) is accompanied by an orchestra.  A scale is a group of notes in ascending and descending pitch. A sonata is a musical composition for a solo instrument (often piano or other keyboard instrument). A symphony is a musical piece that has been scored for a full orchestra; it is often an extended composition. Common meter, which consists of four lines of a particular number of beats that end in the rhyming pattern of a-b-a-b. Dynamics in music refers to the loudness or softness of a note, as well as the quality of the note as played. Form is referred to as the framework that a composer uses to create a piece of music. Harmony is having more than one pitch within the music at the same time. Melodic phrases are groups or sets of notes that make sense together, express a musical idea, and, when combined, create the melody. Melody is a series of musical notes that have been strung together. Pitch is the frequency of a sound, and it relates to the highness or lowness of a tone that we hear. Rhythm the timing of the musical sounds or notes in the music Subito forzando (usually written as sforzando) is a sudden change in the level of sound. Syncopation involves placing emphasis on normally un-emphasized beats or using a rest on a normally emphasized beat. Tempo is the speed of a given piece of music.

The repetition of these twelve pitches is known as an octave. The beat is the basic time unit within a piece of music.
Timbre (which is pronounced tam-ber) is the tone quality of a sound, and it is what helps to distinguish one musical instrument from another.
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