SUMMARY ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES.
PREPARED BY : MUHAMMAD ZULHILMI BIN MOHD HULAIMI (62289113573)
: AHMAD LUTFI BIN HARON ( 62289113591)
: NIK MUHAMAD AMIN BIN NIK ARIF (62289113526)
PREPARED FOR: SIR AHMAD MONIR BIN ABDULLAH
Sustainable development may be defined, from an Islamic perspective, as a multi-dimensional process that seeks to strike a balance between economic and social development on one side, and the environment on the other. It seeks for humans to use resources in the best possible way, accounting for the environment upon which those resources rely. From an Islamic point of view, human beings are God Almighty’s representatives on the planet Earth, and they are entitled to benefit from its resources without selfishly monopolizing them. Human beings must seek to develop this planet in accordance with the provisions of the Holy Quran and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad “Sunnah”, with the stipulation that current needs must be met without jeopardizing the rights of future generations. Development is reported in Qur’an under the expression ‘’Architecture and Construction’’, God says: “It is He Who hath produced you from the earth and settled you therein” (Surah HUD, verse 61) in this verse indicates the necessity of building land. And also our Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said: “if the Final Day comes upon you while you were planting a seed, then continue on planting it.” Development also believed that can take care of employment and promote stability at the same time. However, development also creates issue in certain countries where distributive inequalities were indeed acute. Islam does not put a barrier on a country that choose to develop but Islam teaches man to resist selfishness, greed and rapacious exploitation of natural resources since development needs to sacrifice the environment. Also, the way of life Islam prescribes offers ample possibilities of extracting a whole blue print of instructions which, if put into operation, would not only help resolve current problems but may usher in positive improvement in the situation.
Sustainability implies into three that is maintaining the long-run rate of economic growth, achieving inter-generational equity in the use of the natural resources and restricting as far as possible the increase in pollution for maintaining the present quality of environment. The three views are interrelated but policy prescriptions change depending on one’s predilections. To clarify these interpretations, policy consequences that follow in each case and their mutual linkages not only in a secular dispensation but possibly from an Islamic viewpoint as well.
The first view centering on growth derives its inspiration from the classical steady state long run development model. In Islamic dispensation the fulfillment of basic need of all member of the community is a social imperative: the elements of the vector will doubles include, in addition growth, the improvement in health and nutrition, accommodation facilities, medical care, educational attainment, and increase in basic freedom. So, sustainable development is a situation where the specified vector must increase over time without hitting the limit. The rate of change may assume to remain positive for each time segment consider as strong sustainability while only the overall trend may be conceived as remaining positive consider as weak sustainable.
For the second view, the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987 presented the definition of sustainable development focusing on inter-generational equity. In its view, such development is that as meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It must aim at preserving the natural foundations of life and calls for a fair distribution of goods and opportunities. The Commission relates sustainable development to...
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