Topics: Meghalaya, Agriculture, Biodiversity Pages: 8 (2456 words) Published: February 24, 2013
The PURA model involves four connectivities — physical, electronic, knowledge and economic — to enhance the prosperity of cluster of villages. Under physical connectivity villages will be linked to one another by road. There will also be a ring road accessible to each village. Besides roads, provisions for electricity and transport facilities have also been included. Digital connectivity will mean linking villages with modern telecommunication and information technology services. For example public call offices, cyber cafes, and so on. Knowledge connectivity would mean establishing every 5-7 km of the ring road a school, a higher education centre and a hospital. Economic connectivity aims to establish within this group of villages good marketing facilities so that all the commodities and services of daily use can be produced and sold in these markets. Type B cluster is also close to an urban area but has sparsely spread infrastructure and no connectivity. MAWPHLANG

Mawphlang is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state in north-eastern India, 25 kilometres from Shillong. Mawphlang is the site of one of the Khasi Hills sacred groves. The main occupation of Mawphlang is cultivation. The people when asked what kind of changes they want to see, their answer was simple “transport facilities, good marketing of cultivated crops. MAWSYNRAM

Mawsynram is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state. It is the wettest place on Earth, with an annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres. Its total geographical area is 61,450 hectares. The main occupation of Mawsynram is agriculture. The Principal Crops in the Block are Paddy, Potato and Arecanut. There are 6 numbers of P.H.C and 4 numbers of Dispensaries in the Block. Mawsynram is a popular tourist destination across India as well as the entire world. The people of Mawsynram wants overall development in there village. MAWRYNGKNENG

Mawryngkneng is situated in the district of East Khasi Hills, state of Meghalaya. The total area Mawryngkneng is 292.00 sq. km. Farming is their main occupation. The agricultural products they produce are tomato, ginger, ginger, cabbage and cauliflower. There are 2 PHC in Mawryngkneng. The locals of Mawryngkneng want “development & self-sufficient place”. MAWKYRWAT

Mawkyrwat is situated in the district of West Khasi Hills. Most of the people living here are farmers. The people also practice piggery, poultry, dairy farming etc. to earn their livelihoods. 80% of the inhabitants depend on agriculture for their livelihood. The main food crops are Rice and Maize, the other agriculture produce are ginger, turmeric, black pepper, areca nut etc. Mawkyrwat is very rich in minerals resources Mawphlang, Mawsynram, Mawryngkneng and Mawkyrwat falls under PURA Type B cluster. They are close to urban areas but have less connectivity and infrastructure. The villages of Meghalaya have a great deal of assets.

* Bio-diversity
* Culture
* Creative
* Festivals
* Mineral Resources
Meghalaya biodiversity comprises of an enormous species of flora and fauna. Around 8514 square kilometers of the total land area of Meghalaya being under the cover of forests, a large number of floral and faunal biodiversity is natural.

The main reason for such high biodiversity in Meghalaya is its climate which supports the existence of a large number of floral and faunal species. Meghalaya is the wettest state in India. Moreover, there are several small seasonal rivers flowing across the state thereby making it apt for cultivation. The Meghalaya forests support a vast floral and faunal biodiversity. Apart from these, Meghalaya offers plants that offer rich timber such as teak and sal woods, plants with medicinal values such as Cinchona, Taxus Baccata, etc. and plants that offer fruits and vegetables. But the most significant flora of Meghalaya is the orchids. The faunal biodiversity of Meghalaya includes a wide range of...
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