Topic: Marine Protection and Biodiversity
The oceans cover 70% of the planet’s surface area, and marine and coastal environments contain diverse habitats that support an abundance of marine life. Especially Mexico, where is bordered on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico. The sustainability of our biosphere significantly relies on the goods and services provided by deep-sea ecosystems. Biodiversity refers to the wide variety of life forms on earth. According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, the world’s oceans and coasts are highly threatened and subject to rapid environmental change. Major threats to marine and coastal biodiversity include:
Overfishing, destructive fishing, and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
Alterations of physical habitats
Invasions of exotic species
Global climate change
Mexico is completed with National Biodiversity Strategies And Action Plans Or Equivalent Instruments (NBSAPS) since 2000. In the Gulf of Mexico, there is a huge variety of marine biodiversity, including 79 species of fish, 749 macro-invertebrates, 62 marine macro algae, some coral species and one marine mammal. Many of its deep waters life forms are still unknown. A lot of protections for the Gulf of Mexico had been done as well which aims at protecting and improving the resilience of regional ecosystems.
At least 300 designated areas in the Gulf of Mexico that provide a mosaic of marine protection and encompass just under 6% of the total Gulf of Mexico within U.S. waters.
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) provide place-based protection for marine species, habitats, and ecosystems(including the exclusion of fishing, specific types of fishing or fishing gear, anchoring, boating, and industrial development, to name just a few of the activities that can damage marine ecosystems ...
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