Gentically Vigorous

Topics: Endangered species, Conservation biology, Ex-situ conservation Pages: 9 (1962 words) Published: October 20, 2014


Genetically Vigorous Populations
Team B
BIO/280
May 5th 2014

Genetically Vigorous Populations
Biodiversity is life’s variety. It is the varying genetics that each species carries that makes it different and “unique”. Biodiversity is important, not only in evolution, but in survival; when sometimes those terms can mean the very same thing. Interestingly, biodiversity can mean a variance in the life itself – or within the genetics of a species. In keeping breeding habits within the same lineage, some animals risk lower biodiversity and sometimes even deformities and disease, as they are able to more easily pass on unfavorable hereditary traits. In increasing the overall biodiversity, the only risk is a healthier planet via more substantial and sustainable resources. The Sarracenia alabamensis is a carnivorous plant that grows horizontally underground and grows lateral shoots and adventitious roots. The Sarracenia Alabamensis (otherwise known as the Alabama cane-brake pitcher-plant) is only found in twelve different sites in the state of Alabama. This plant is listed as Endangered under the US Endangered Species Act. Restrictions have been placed on selling the plant across state lines. It is a tall green plant with visible red veins. It has a large column at the top. This plant may smell like raspberries, (Sarracenia). Uniquely, the plant maintains the greatest microsatellite variation, (Result Filters). Microsatellite is the section of DNA of short nucleotide repeated sequences. Koalas are found within the eastern and southern parts of Australia. They are medium sized, animals that are an important part of Australia’s natural and cultural heritage. They eat only eucalyptus leaves. Due to their limited variety of food sources, they have a slower metabolism, they have paws with claws used for climbing and hanging within the eucalyptus trees. Their teeth are sharp for chewing the leaves. The koala is listed under the United States Endangered Species Act as threatened, despite not inhabiting North America. Due to the decrease in habitable area, the humans demand on more land resources, and human trafficking, the Koalas have experienced a decrease in population. Actions are being made to include researchers and managers, local government, stakeholders, and the general public. Neither species are naturally found anywhere in the world besides their above stated homes, which generally means they have rather small populations and share many of the same genetic traits. For organisms found solely in one location, biodiversity is reduced when the population is reduced. The Sarracenia Alabamensis Conservation Project 2010 is an organization aimed at conserving the plant within its natural habitat by limiting land production and creating borders around the plants habitat, (ICPS). For the Koala, there are many organizations together to rebuild the threatened species, such as the National Koala Conservation and Management Strategy 2009-2014 which aims at conserving koalas by retaining viable habitats within the natural range. There are species of plants and animals that are considered essential species to our planet ecologically, economically, and aesthetically (Gibbs & Hunter, 2007). Humans rely on plants and animals as sources of food. If the population of those sources is not monitored and managed, it could become over exploited and ultimately, extinct. Genetic diversity allows species to adapt to changes in a particular environment. Species that are less diverse are more at risk of becoming endangered should a change occur, affecting that species’ ability to continue surviving in its natural habitat. Population management targets species that are threatened or on the verge of becoming threatened. The costs of population management can be significant. When monitoring a species in its natural habitat, protecting them from predators, and providing them with a healthier food source, it would not be...

References: Botanical Gardens Conservation International. (2014). Ecosystems. Retrieved from http://www.bgci.org/ourwork/Ecosystems/
Canebreak Pitcher
ENDANGERED SPECIES PROGRAMS. (n.d.). Events Calendar Web. Retrieved May 5, 2014, from http://www.australiazoo.com.au/conservation/programs/endangered-species/koala.php
Gibbs, J
ICPS. (n.d.). International Carnivorous Plant Society. ICPS Conservation Projects. Retrieved on May 4, 2014 from www.carnivorousplants.org/conservation/projects.html
Jamaica Clearing-House Mechanism
Merriam-Webster. (2014). In situ. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/in%20situ
Marwell Wildlife
Queensland Government. (2014). Koala Habitat Program. Retrieved on May 4, 2014 from http://www.ehp.qld.gov.au/wildlife/koalas/strategy/koala-habitat-programs.html
"Sarracenia Alabamensis." The Carnivorous Plant FAQ
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