Chinese Environmental Policy

Topics: Environmentalism, People's Republic of China, Natural environment Pages: 9 (546 words) Published: October 9, 2013
Chinese
Environmental
Policy

Summary



Chinese Climate Change.



Impacts and Costs of Pollution in China.



Environmental Policy in China.



China as the dominant player in green
technologies.

I) Chinese Climate Change
A)

•)

•)

Ø)
Ø)
Ø)

Origin
1972: First Occidental opening with USA ( Mao Zedong invited Richard Nixon to visit China)

1976: Deng Xiaoping lead a Liberalisation Policy
Economic Change
Industrialisation
Foreign Factories relocation

B) Negatives Impacts

1)

•)

Ø)
Ø)
Ø)

Pollution Increasing
Atmospheric Pollution
Coal power station
Heating
First Importer of Oil since 2011

•)

Water Pollution

Ø)

Wastes elimination by Factories

2)

Greenhouse gas Production

The most important producer of carbon dioxide

3) Bulky Wastes



Importation of wastes from Occidental Factories ( 70%)



Production of 1 million tonnes of wastes by year



Electronic wastes ( Jonathan Watts- When a billion Chinese
jump: How China will save Mankind-or destroy it)

4) Natural resources Over-exploitation


Ø
Ø



Water:
Unchecked farmlands irrigation
Hydroelectric project within Himalaya
Natural Resources: Coal

5) Desertification


Deforestation



Lakes and Tides Drainage



Waste of arable lands



1/3 of the country is desert

6) Ecosystem Degradation

Conclusion:
All the precedents points contribute towards the Ecosystem
degradation:
Ø

Endangered species (White Dolphin, Panda,…)

Ø

Ice melt of the Himalaya

II) Impacts and costs of pollution in China
A)

•)
•)
•)

B)

•)
•)
•)

Impacts:
Ecosystem : the butterfly effect of desertification.
Pollution decrease the life of China’s population.
Tourism is decreasing because of the pollution.
Costs:
Difficult to reverse the trend.
China spend $275 billion to fight pollution.
To fight smog, Hong Kong commits $1,3 billion.

III) Environmental policy in
China
A) China is involved in protection of environment since
forty years:










1972  China attended to Stockholm Conference on
Human Environment
1973 / 1983  National conferences on environmental
protection
1979  « Law of Environmental Protection » (Implemented in 1989)
Since 1990  Pressure from the International community
Until 2008  Creation of many institutions for the protection of environment (Nowadays, it is the Ministry of
Environmental Protection or MEP)

B) Laws, regulations.
Prevent and Control Environmental Pollution:



Cleaner Production Promotion Law.
Estimation of the impact of construction and
operation on the environment.

Protect Nature and Ecology:







Recycling.
Ecological provinces.
Protection of forest resources.
Natural reserves.
Safeguarding animals and plants endangered.
Protection of ocean environment.

Supervise nuclear safety:


Improvement of nuclear safety.

Safeguard public health and environment safety:


Regulations on water pollution.

Promote harmony between man and nature.

IV) China as the dominant player
in green technologies



China just passed a new
milestone: it consumes more
energy than the US



From now on, china will no
longer be able to hide behind a
developing nation.



Government has chosen to
invest in green technologies

China have ambitious project (2005)




Sustainable energies vers l'espace réservé ou
Faire glisser l'image in 2005  7%
cliquer sur l'icône pour l'ajouter
Sustainable technologies in 2012  10%



Sustainable technologies in 2020  20%

China: second producer of green
technologies



The biggest increase in a year
was 77%



Second producer of the world
green technologies (USA 17)



Wind energies increase by
100%/Year during 4 years



Solar energies increase by 50%
in 2008



1/10 house has solar hot water

Conclusion:

•...
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