BRAND EXTENSION

Topics: Branding, Brand, Brand equity Pages: 43 (12682 words) Published: March 26, 2014
Halmstad University
School of Business and Engineering
Master Dissertation in International Marketing
Master Dissertation in Strategic Management and Leadership

The Analysis of Challenges and Opportunities in Brand
Extension

Authors:
Chen Si Jia 891028-4986
Gu Jing 880711-T284
Supervisor:
Gabriel Awuah
Date of Submission:
31 May, 2012

Acknowledgements
We would like to firstly thank our supervisor, Professor Gabriel Awuah, for his constant support and inspiring advices during the whole process of this dissertation. We would like to give our thanks to our opponent group members: Mazhyrina Yuliya and Negru Adela, for their careful corrections and suggestions. We would also like to thank other group members during each seminar. We would like to warmly thank our beloved parents for their unconditional love and solid support and care.

We would like to thank our domestic friends as well as overseas ones, for their understanding and kindly support in spite of time and space. Finally, we are very grateful for having the opportunity to work on this thesis at Halmstad University.

Chen Si Jia and Gu Jing
Halmstad University
May 21, 2012

I

Abstract
Over the decades, brand extension has been a core marketing strategy for a great number of companies. Brand extension enjoys a good reputation for bringing practical advantages to companies whilst it faces disputation at the same time because of a relatively high percentage of failures. Using modified Aaker’s brand equity model as the theoretical framework, the authors undertake a comparative case study to analyze the opportunities and challenges a company might face while using brand extension strategy, particularly in category brand extension: Yamaha Corporation as a successful example, and Virgin Group as a failure one. The analysis mainly focuses on the four elements in the modified Aaker’s brand equity model: brand awareness, brand loyalty, brand associations and perceived quality. The findings show that a company faces challenges when consumers have a more solid loyalty towards the competitor’s brand and when consumers are confused about brand associations. On the contrary, a company acquires opportunities in brand extension as long as a strong brand loyalty and a related connection between the parent brand and the extended brand exist. Keywords: brand equity, brand extension, category brand extension

II

Index
1 Introduction ................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Background ....................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Problem discussion ........................................................................................... 2 1.3 Research purpose .............................................................................................. 3 1.4 Research question ............................................................................................. 3 1.5 Delimitations ..................................................................................................... 3 2 Literature review ......................................................................................................... 4 2.1 Brand extension ................................................................................................ 4 2.1.1 Types of brand extension ........................................................................ 4 2.1.2 Benefits for brand extension ................................................................... 5 2.1.3 Risks of brand extension ......................................................................... 6 2.2 Brand equity ...................................................................................................... 7 2.3 Modified Aaker’s brand equity model .............................................................. 8 2.3.1 Brand awareness...
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